Indonesia

Religion
  • 87% Islam
  • 10.5% Christianity
  • 1.7% Hinduism
  • 0.7% Buddhism
  • 0.1% Folk, Confucianism,
    and other
Population
• Q2 2023 estimate
 279,118,866

Indonesia shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia, as well as maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support one of the world’s highest levels of biodiversity.

Indonesia has abundant natural resources. Its primary industries are fishing, petroleum, timber, paper products, cotton cloth, tourism, petroleum mining, natural gas, bauxite, coal and tin.

Its main agricultural products are rice, coconuts, soybeans, bananas, coffee, tea, palm, rubber, and sugar cane. These commodities make up a large portion of the country’s exports, with palm oil and coal briquettes as the leading export commodities. In addition to refined and crude petroleum as the primary imports, telephones, vehicle parts and wheat cover the majority of additional imports. China, the United States, Japan, Singapore, India, Malaysia, South Korea and Thailand are Indonesia’s principal export markets and import partners.

Tourism contributed around US$9.8 billion to GDP in 2020, and in the previous year, Indonesia received 15.4 million visitors. Overall, China, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, and Japan are the top five sources of visitors to Indonesia. Since 2011, Wonderful Indonesia has been the country’s international marketing campaign slogan to promote tourism.

Largest cities in Indonesia

2021 BPS estimate
Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.
1 Jakarta Jakarta 10,644,776 11 South Tangerang Banten 1,365,688
2 Surabaya East Java 2,880,284 12 Batam Riau Islands 1,230,097
3 Bekasi West Java 2,564,941 13 Bandar Lampung Lampung 1,184,949
4 Medan North Sumatra 2,460,858 14 Bogor West Java 1,052,359
5 Bandung West Java 2,452,943 15 Pekanbaru Riau 994,585
6 Depok West Java 2,085,935 16 Padang West Sumatra 913,448
7 Tangerang Banten 1,911,914 17 Malang East Java 844,933
8 Palembang South Sumatra 1,686,073 18 Samarinda East Kalimantan 831,460
9 Semarang Central Java 1,656,564 19 Denpasar Bali 726,599
10 Makassar South Sulawesi 1,427,619 20 Tasikmalaya West Java 723,921

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